Programme

 

Barcamp Science 2.0 · 2016-05-02
09:30 – 18:00
Barcamp Science 2.0 – “Putting Science 2.0 and Open Science into practice!”

The Barcamp will be held at GESIS (Unter Sachsenhausen 6-8
50667 Köln). For more information please visit the Barcamp site.

Conference Day 1 · 2016-05-03
09:15 – 10:00
Registration & Coffee
10:00 – 11:30 Opening
Professor Marc Rittberger, DIPF – German Institute for International Educational Research

Setting the Scene – The European Open Science Cloud in between Research and  Information Infrastructure
European Open Science Cloud – Recommendations from the High Level Expert Group
Dr Jean-Claude Burgelman, Head of Unit A6, DG Research and Innovation, European Commission
Susanne Burger, Deputy Director General, Europe, Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
Professor Klaus Tochtermann, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics 

follows

From Open Access to Effortless Access: EEXCESS Technologies for Improving Access to Digital Library Long-Tail Content
Professor Michael Granitzer, Head of Media Computer Science, University of Passau
Abstract

In the last decade, Europe conducted tremendous effort for making cultural, educational and scientific resources publicly available. However, the availability of content does not necessarily guarantee its consumption. In an age where user attention has become the limiting factor, effortless, pro-active access to information has become an important paradigm for libraries, museums and archives. In this talk I will present the EEXCESS Framework that enables contextualized, personalized and privacy-preserving access to long-tail content found in digital libraries. I will show how EEXCESS realizes the paradigm of bringing the content to the user, and not the user to the content thereby increasing the uptake of digital library content.

Chair: Professor Klaus Tochtermann, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
11:30 – 12:00 Coffee break
12:00 – 13:00
Scientific Perspective on Open Science
Enabling Data-Intensive Science in the Helmholtz Association
Professor Achim Streit, Director of the Steinbuch Centre for Computing (SCC) / Professor for Computer Science at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Abstract

The Helmholtz Association of German research centres pursues long-term research with large-scale scientific projects and research facilities ranging from life sciences, climate and environment up to matter and the universe. One of its long-term programs is dedicated to research on “Supercomputing & Big Data” (SBD) which is of major importance and provides enabling technologies to all Helmholtz research fields.
In data-intensive science collaboration is a key factor. On the national level we lead the multi-disciplinary initiative LSDMA across the Helmholtz research fields to foster the exchange of knowledge, expertise and technologies. Data experts from the program collaborate closely with domain researchers from other Helmholtz programs and German universities within so-called “Data Life Cycle Labs” (DLCL). These aim at optimizing data life cycles and developing community-specific tools and services in joint R&D with the scientific communities. In addition, new generic data methods and technologies for data life cycle management are designed and developed, large scale data facilities and federated data infrastructures are enhanced and operated, and national/international collaborations such as HDF, EUDAT, INDIGO-DataCloud, EU-T0 and WLCG are advanced.

Alternative Models for Open Access Scientific Publication
Professor Marie Farge, Director of Research, CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research)/ENS (Ecole Normale Supérieure)
Abstract

In collaboration with Antonin Delpeuch, ENS (Ecole Normale Superieure) Paris.
Scientific publication in peer-reviewed journals is the backbone of the present research system. It is the academic commons that the scientists use to produce, share and assess the scientific knowledge they produce. For the last twenty years scientific publication has gradually become under the control of few major publishers whose exceptional profits rely on the work that scientists and their funding agencies offer them for free. In 2012 a group of mathematicians initiated the international movement ‘Cost of knowledge’ (http://thecostofknowledge.com/) that denounces this quasi-monopolistic system and propose solutions for scientists to recover control. We will present two of them: the’Diamond open access’ model and ‘Dissemin’.
With the ‘Diamond open access’ model neither readers nor authors pay, as it is the case with the subscription model, or with the ‘Gold open access’ model, where authors or their institutions pay article processing charges fixed by the publisher, and also with the ‘Hybrid’ model where both readers and authors pay publishers. The ‘Diamond open access’ model is based on three principles:
– authors keep their copyrights and publish their paper under the Creative Commons license CC-BY,
– the editorial board owns the journal, not the publisher, and can thus choose the best publishing service,
– the editorial board could also apply to publicly-owned and publicly-funded publishing platforms ensuring high-quality publishing services for free, as long as the journal proves good peer-reviewing practices and is recognized as essential for its scientific discipline.
We think that the ‘Green open access’ model is presently the best solution to ensure the transition from subscription to open access. Indeed, most publishers allow authors who publish in a toll-access journal to deposit a version of their paper in an institutional or disciplinary repository after a certain embargo period. Repositories thus provide metadata of all papers but not always their full text, which is counter productive. Indeed, scientists need it in order to avoid citing papers for which they have only read the abstract. We developed ‘Dissemin’ to encourage scientists to deposit the full text of their paper as soon as it is allowed by the publisher. ‘Dissemin’ is an open source platform (http://dissem.in) that helps scientists to find out which of their papers are in open access and where. For those which are not, it checks if the publisher allows to deposit them in a repository and provides a very simple interface to deposit them in Zenodo (the OpenAIRE hosted at CERN and funded by the European Commission). It harvests the publication metadata using CrossRef and BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine) and it identifies the authors using ORCID, or disambiguate their name for those who do not have an ORCID identifier. To deposit a paper its metadata are bundled with the pdf of its full text provided by the author, the paper is thus deposited in one click only. Dissemin’ can also help institutions to assess the availability in open access of the publications of their scientists. We made a pilot experiment for École Normale Supérieure (ENS) Paris, see http://dissem.in/institution/1/. This ‘Dissemin-ENS’ platform is only a prototype and we would like to streamline this process and make it easy for other institutions to do their repository. Our project is run by the non-profit organization CAPSH (Committee for the Accessibility of Publications in Sciences
and Humanities) and we believe the scientific community can benefit from an open source, publisher-independent CRIS-like system, whose purpose is to foster the use of open repositories.
In conclusion, we think that the ‘Green open access’ model is the best solution for smoothly accompanying the transition from subscription to open access, since it preserves the chance for new innovative models to emerge. We need to demonstrate the viability of better solutions than the present ‘Gold open access’ model, which is ethically questionable, and this is why we proposed the ‘Diamond open access’ model.

Chair: Professor Andreas Witt, Institute for the German Language (IDS)
13:00 – 14:30 Lunch
14:30 – 16:00
Infrastructures’ Perspective on Open Science
Open Science at CERN, from Open Access to Open Data: Partnerships and Infrastructures
Dr Salvatore Mele, Head of Open Access, CERN
Abstract

Open Science is a collaborative enterprise in a complex landscape. A global scientific community is supported by national or local funding agencies and relies on somewhat fragmented infrastructures. Each part of this system operates within different drivers and barriers, opportunities and challenges.
I will describe the way CERN has facilitated the emergence of two Open Science initiatives, the first to transform the High-Energy Physics literature to Open Access, the second to allow data from the LHC experiments be made available as Open Data.
Both initiatives (online at scoap3.org and opendata.cern.ch) have in common a community-driven approach and are inspired to the CERN and High-Energy Physics collaborative model. Through building partnerships, they align the drivers of the scientific community with the vision of funding agencies, delivering infrastructures (both financial and technical) tailored to the challenge of achieving Openness with minimal disruption, and maximum advantage, for the scientific community: an approach which has lowered barrier for participation in Open Science in this discipline.

Open Science in European Universities: Tackling a 21st Century Agenda in Research-led Universities
Dr Ignasi Labastida, University of Barcelona
Abstract

This talk will look at the constituent parts of the Open Science Agenda and examine how research-led universities in Europe are facing the challenges. Principal themes in the Open Science debate are Open Access to Publications and Research Data Management, especially Open Data. The members of LERU (League of European Research Universities) are active in both areas and the talk will show how progress is being made. The talk will conclude by looking at governance arrangements at a local level to monitor the progress, or otherwise, that universities are making in implementing Open Science approaches.

Chair: Professor Norbert Luttenberger, Research Group for Communication Systems, Kiel University
EEXCESS Prototypes 
Hands-on presentation of the EEXCESS project with an introduction by Professor Peter Stöhr, University of Applied Sciences, Hof
16:00 – 16:30 Coffee Break
16:30 – 17:30
Digital Innovations for Open Culture and Open Science
OpenMinTeD – An Open Infrastructure for Text and Data Mining of Scholarly Literature
Petr Knoth, The Open University, OpenMinTeD
Abstract

Text and Data Mining (TDM) of scholarly literature has the potential to revolutionise the way we do research. It can improve the ways in which we discover, access, read, disseminate and evaluate research. However, current TDM applications are hindered by a number of barriers to machine access to scientific literature as well as the lack of scalable standardised interfaces for text and data mining of research papers. The OpenMinTeD project aims at providing an open and sustainable TDM infrastructure in order to make primary content accessible through standardised interfaces, to process, analyse and annotate scientific text by well-documented services and workflows that better facilitate identifying and extracting entities, patterns and relationships. This talk introduces OpenMinTeD, discusses the challenges the project is working to overcome and demonstrates the benefits of this approach on a few use cases.

An Embarrassment of Riches: Crowds, Communities, and Curation in Digital Open Culture
Timothy Hill, Europeana
Abstract

At what point does the sheer scale of the available open data itself obstruct openness? Galleries, libraries, archives, and museums are digitising at an increasing pace, and with a growing awareness of the importance of licensing issues and open access. Europeana, long at the forefront of these efforts in the EU context, recently passed the 50millionitem mark in its collections, and other national and international infrastructures are achieving similar milestones. But digitisation and aggregation at this scale mean that modelling richness is in effect often lost. Data heterogeneity across collections, and individual datasets curated to support only certain, very specific, scenarios within them, often combine so that only the very minimal metadata needed for information exchange is available to endusers. Ironically, volume and cataloguing criteria thus potentially combine to put open culture proponents in the position of those intelligence agencies that ‘open’ their miles of archive shelfspace to investigators, but fail to provide an index.
Attention at Europeana and similar organisations has accordingly turned recently to adding structure and semantics to digital open data in a way that makes it more usable, transparent, and comprehensible to endusers. The technologies used and the way they are applied vary with organization, domain, and usecase, and include but are not limited to: semantic enrichment and datamining; personalisation features; crowdsourcing and annotation frameworks; and the creation of knowledge graphs. These technologies all have their own particular advantages and limitations, as will be discussed in brief casestudies. In particular, a strong division is evident between datadriven, empirical approaches such as datamining and usercentric technologies such as crowdsourcing and personalisation. In the ideal case, however, these two tendencies converge on the notion of a ‘user community’ a group, it will be argued, that not only ‘uses’ or ‘consumes’ open data, but shapes it, gives it meaning, and endows it with value.

Chair: Professor Michael Granitzer, Head of Media Computer Science, University of Passau
The Leibniz Research Alliance Science 2.0 in the Context of Open Science
Poster presentation of projects and activities within the Leibniz Research Alliance Science 2.0

1. Feasibility Study for Building and Operating of OER-Infrastructures in Education [Poster]
Ingo Blees, Marc Rittberger, Christoph Schindler (German Institute for International Educational Research (DIPF))
2. EU-Project OpenMinTeD: Mining Scientific Publications [Poster]
Peter Mutschke, Mandy Neumann (GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences)
3. Pushing altmetrics into researchers’ feed: effects on emotion and motivation [Poster]
Sonja Utz (Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien (IWM))
4. OpenUP: OPENing UP new methods, indicators and tools for peer review, dissemination of research [Poster]
Peter Kraker (Know-Center); Elisabeth Lex (Graz University of Technology)
5. Open Science Fellows Program [Poster]
Christina Rupprecht (Wikimedia Deutschland e. V.)
6. Discovery and efficient reuse of technology pictures using Wikimedia infrastructures [Poster]
Ina Blümel, Simone Cartellieri, Lambert Heller (German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB)), Christian Wartena (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Hannover)
7. Digging Conference Tweets and Finding Topical Foci, Pictures, and Gender Disparities [Poster]
Athanasios Mazarakis (Kiel University); Isabella Peters (Kiel University / ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics)
8. ZB MED – Specialist in publishing for Open Science in the life sciences [Poster]
Ursula Arning, Robin Rothe (ZB MED – Leibniz Information Centre for Life Sciences)
9. Data driven online research. Potential specifications in relation to user needs. [Poster]
Sabrina Herbst (Technical University Dresden); Thomas Köhler (Institute for Vocational Education / Media Center, Technical University Dresden); Ansgar Scherp (Kiel University / ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics)
10. Science 2.0 & Open Science in Higher Education [Poster]
Ina Blümel, German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB); Tamara Heck (Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf); Christian Heise (Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN)), Isabella Peters, Ansgar Scherp (Kiel University / ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics); Luzian Weisel (FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure)

19:30 – 23:00 Conference dinner in the Café & Restaurant ‘Ludwig im Museum
Conference Day 2 · 2016-05-04
09:00 – 09:30
Registration & Coffee
09:30 – 10:30
Opening

Peter Mutschke, GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences

Stakeholders’ Perspective on Open Science
Supporting European Universities in the Transition Towards Open Science: Strategy and Activities of the European University Association (EUA)
Dr Lidia Borrell-Damián, Director for Research and Innovation, European University Association (EUA)
Abstract

The rapid development of Open Science is generating new and alternative ways for scientists to conduct, publish and disseminate their research. It is also impacting on researcher career progression, publication quality assessment and the operation of scientific reputation systems. Indeed, Open Science looks set to change the whole research landscape and its implications are becoming tangible for researchers, university leaders and administration, research funders, learned societies, scientific publishers and policy makers at national, European and global levels.
The European University Association (EUA), a major stakeholder organisation representing European universities at large, has been monitoring developments in the area of Open Science, from an institutional perspective, since 2007. In early 2015, in the context of the increasing complexity and consequences for universities of Open Science, the EUA Council decided to set up the EUA Expert Group on Science 2.0/Open Science, which is composed of 20 members from 19 countries designated by their National Rectors’ Conferences. During its initial three-year mandate (2015-2017), the Expert Group will develop a series of initiatives to strengthen the voice of the university sector in high-level policy dialogue and to support European universities in the transition towards Open Science. It will focus on a broad range of issues related to Open Science, such as, Open Access to research publications and data, research infrastructures, researcher assessment and career development, quality of publications, text and data mining (TDM), copyright, data protection and peer-review.
In early February 2016, EUA issued a Roadmap for Open Access to Research Publications, by recommendation of its Expert Group on Science 2.0/Open Science. This document outlines the vision, objectives and priority actions for EUA in the coming twelve months in the policy area of Open Access. This was the first in a series of activities EUA is conducting to address the implications of Open Science for universities. EUA has also recently become a signatory of the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) and has responded to the European Commission’s Communication towards a modern, more European copyright framework.
EUA considers Open Science to be of the utmost importance for further enhancing the competitiveness and attractiveness of the European university sector. As the Open Science movement is gaining momentum globally at political, institutional and scientific levels, it is now the time to progress towards a more open, fair, transparent and sustainable scientific eco-system.

Is There Still Room for Open Innovation in a Digital Single Market Built on Open Science?
Tina Klages, Open Science, Technology Transfer, Publication Management at Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft IRB
Abstract

RTOs are important players in the innovation ecosystem with a yearly €29,3bn turnover and €14bn value-added. While RTOs develop technologies transferred to their industrial partners, part of the value created in this process is ploughed back by RTOs in the European R&I ecosystem, contributing to creating jobs and growth. RTOs’ business model is partly based on the concepts of Open Innovation and Open Science, but those have to be defined in a balanced way with clear provisions and definitions, in order to take into consideration the market and competition criteria. The emphasis should be on the reasonable availability and dissemination of technology rather than on the absence of pricing.

Chair: Peter Mutschke, GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences
10:30 – 11:00 Coffee Break
11:00 – 12:00
Education and Culture on the Cloud
24/7/365 Learning: What Challenges for Education and Culture on the Cloud?
Professor Karl Donert, Consultant, and President of EUROGEO
Abstract

Cloud Computing is one of the hottest education trends. The emergence of the networked information economy is unleashing two powerful forces on education:
1) easy access to high-speed networks is empowering individuals to access and use ICT globally.
2) the possiblitiy to leverage education through scale economies in unprecedented ways.
So Cloud computing represents a paradigm shift in the way computing power is generated and distributed, transforming the delivery of ICT tools and products into elastic, on demand services.
Many educational organisations have moved to the Cloud, or are considering migrating their activities in the future, and for a variety of reasons: lower computer costs, higher accessibility, improved performance, cheaper software, storage capacity …
To explore the potential of the Cloud in education, an EU funded ICT in education network ‘School on the Cloud’ (SoC) has been created (http://www.schoolonthecloud.eu), consisting of 57 partners from 18 European countries. SoC addresses three key questions, how should education respond to the Cloud? What is the impact likely to be on education stakeholders? What will it be in the future?
The project examines four areas:
i-Leader: inspirational leader: the transition from the ground to the Cloud, experiences of issues related to leadership and management in different educational contexts, related to technological, social, economic, cultural and pedagogical aspects.
i-Teacher: innovative teacher: teaching issues connected with Cloud-based learning, the barriers and key competences required. Teachers as innovators.
i-Learner: integrating the Cloud: understanding the opportunities that ubiquitous access to learning afforded by the Cloud in personalising learning experiences ‘at any time, any place by any one’.
i-Futures: impacting futures: dealing with the visions associated with what education we want for the future and addressing the likely impact of for example open (education) resources, the availability of free and available information, future generations of tools for communicating and publishing and related issues such as ethics and IPR.
The presentation considers these aspects and some of the challenges Cloud-based opportunities offer as part of the new dynamic ways to educate that align with the way we think, share, learn and collaborate inside and outside of the classroom.

digiCULT – Experiences of a Museum Network for Collabarative Registration
Frauke Rehder, CEO digicult Association
Abstract

digiCULT started in 2003 as an interdisciplinary project to register and publish selected stock of museums in Schleswig-Holstein. Cooperative digital acquisition and central access to the cultural asset for different user groups on the Internet were the aims to meet EU-demands for the democratisation of knowledge-based resources. Until 2010 EU-funds helped the project to refine tools and standards for knowledge management. Then “digiCULT-Verbund eG” took over business operations.
The policy specifies separate registration within the participating collections plus a shared data publication on the museums portal of the federal state. It has always been an additional aim to transmit data to national and international specialist portals. To achieve this aim, the developed software is based on standards.
Interlinked with the specialised community digiCULT participates in developing SKOS-based exchange formats for registered museum data (LIDO) and vocabulary (vocnet). By now, digiCULT is member of the competence network of the German Digital Library (Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek, DDB). Meanwhile, over 90 institutions in Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Thuringia, Saarland and Greifswald register their stock with digiCULT.

Chair: Ludwig Gantner, KBL-AMBL
12:00 – 13:00 Lunch
13:00 – 14:30

Reaching the Next Level: How to Implement the European Open Science Cloud?

Panel discussion
  • Jean-Claude Burgelman, Head of Unit A6, DG Research and Innovation, European Commission
  • Professor Marie Farge, Director of Research, CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research)
  • Dr Tiziana Ferrari, Technical Director at EGI.eu, Technical Coordinator EGI-Engage
  • Professor Marc Rittberger, German Institute for International Educational Research (DIPF)
  • Professor Achim Streit, Director of the Steinbuch Centre for Computing (SCC) / Professor for Computer Science at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Moderation: Katja Nellissen
14:30 – 15:00 Coffee Break
15:00 – 16:00
Publishers’ Perspective on Open Science
 From 20 to 2000 Volumes – a Commercial Perspective
Hubert Kjellberg, CEO Brockhaus
Abstract

Content has almost always been restricted by its destination format. The business models governing most media companies have had format (number of pages, hardback, length of tv show etc.) as a key ingredient when investing in a product or project.
With the internet, endless amounts of content and information is available, most of it for free. This has had, has and will have major commercial implications for many in the content industries. We will try and give our perspective on why technology and open data should be publishers’ best friends and discuss how we can use this in order to provide meaningful, relevant and commercially viable content.

Open Science Commons: A Participatory Model for the Open Science Cloud
Dr Tiziana Ferrari, Technical Director at EGI.eu / Technical Coordinator EGI-Engage
Abstract

The Open Science Commons (OSC) is a new approach to sharing and governing advanced digital services, scientific instruments, data, knowledge and expertise that enables researchers to collaborate more easily and be more productive.
Within the OSC, researchers from all disciplines will have easy, integrated and open access to the advanced digital services, scientific instruments, data, knowledge and expertise they need to collaborate and achieve excellence in science, research and innovation.
Using Open Science as a guideline and applying the Commons as a management principle will bring numerous benefits for the research community, and society at large.
The talk presents the challenges and opportunities that the implementation of the Open Science Commons faces in Europe and beyond.
EGI is the European infrastructure for advanced distributed computing and cloud services for research, and with its stakeholders is committed to the realization of the Open Science Commons.

Chair: Christopher Koska, Wissenmedia
16:00
Closing
Professor Klaus Tochtermann, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics