Programme

Pre-Conference Workshops
24th to 25th
PhD Spring School

The PhD spring school will be held by the Leibniz Research Alliance Science 2.0. Guests by invitation only.
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25th
Wikipedia-Workshop

The workshop will be given by Dr Daniel Mietchen. Participation is free of charge.
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Day 1 · 2014-03-26
08:30 – 09:15
Registration & Coffee
09:15 – 09:30 Opening Day 1
Professor Klaus Tochtermann, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Germany
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[Video on YouTube]
09:30 – 10:45
Welcome Video Message
Dr Neelie Kroes, Vice-President of the European Commission
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Open, Digital Science in Europe
Dr Carl-Christian Buhr, European Commission, Cabinet of Vice-President Neelie Kroes
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Trustworthiness and the role of social media in scholarly communications
Professor David Nicholas, CIBER Research Ltd., United Kingdom
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Abstract  

The international research project upon which this paper is based sought to examine how researchers determine authority and trustworthiness in the sources they use, cite, and disseminate in. The paper provides an examination of the behaviours and attitudes of academic researchers as producers and consumers of scholarly information resources in the digital era. In particular how they deal with the trust and authority consequences of the digital transition, especially in regard to the widespread adoption of social media. Data are derived from focus groups and critical incident interviews undertaken in both the USA and UK, and from a survey that obtained responses from more than 3600 researchers from around the world. Generally speaking the study told us what we already know that social media currently plays but a bit part in scholarly using, citing and disseminating activities, but there are hotspots of activity and things might be set to change. Policy mandates are nudging more researchers to use social media more. The paper will look to the future on the back of these results.

Chair: Professor Klaus Tochtermann, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Germany
10:45 – 11:15
Coffee break
11:15 – 12:30
Research methodology meets policy meets economic development. The case of the eScience Saxony Research Network.
Professor Thomas Köhler, Institute for Vocational Education & Media Center, Technical University Dresden, Germany
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Abstract  

E-Science or Electronic Science describes different methodological fields of research and development in the context of the defining and using computer technologies in scientific research. While primarily in Germany and Great Britain, the term e-Science is used, in the U.S., the comparable concept of a “Cyber Infrastructure” or in Australia, the “e-Research” term can be found. Currently, the discussion expands under the slogan “Science 2.0” and goes in particular to digital scientific cooperative work (Weichselgartner, 2010). Here, the thematic range starts with infrastructures on application architectures, grid and cloud technologies but also extends to educational technology, so-called e-learning. Also e-science systems support cooperative research between universities and in cooperation with industry (see Ziegler & Diehl, 2009).
Consequences for the (social) sciences are widespread while the life takes place in a digital lab! Even though digitalization of science and scientific work has happened already it is likely that scientists are not aware that change from a methodological point of view (Köhler 2011, Pscheida et al. 2012, Mohamed et al. 2013a / 2013b).
Under the concept of “Design-based research” the eScience-Research Network, which is a joint project of all Saxon state universities and colleges has its research focus on new methods, new processes, new technologies, new practices, new players and new skills in research behavior (www.escience-sachsen.de). The keynote describes how the Interdisciplinary group of researchers defines its challenging task and how the outcomes are implemented by local research policy in Saxony and beyond.

Usability Evaluation of Digital Libraries: Lessons Learned
Professor Ursula Schulz, Department Information, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany
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Abstract  

The Department of Information at Hamburg University of Applied Sciences can look back at 12 years’ usability evaluation of national and European digital libraries. A synopsis of usability reports shows persistent barriers to easy use of said search tools. Affected areas in the information architecture of digital libraries can be compared to typical problems in intercultural communication:
• Librarians use a language different from their customers’ language
• Both cultures think in different categories
• Both cultures have different values, different purposes and different needs when dealing with digital libraries
A point will be made that usability engineering must be placed at the beginning of each project of digital library design and iterate over 2-3 cycles of prototyping. Moreover projects must start with the question of usefulness. Which additional lessons can be learned from 12 years of usability evaluation?

Chair: Dr Daniel Mietchen, Museum für Naturkunde – Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity (MfN), Germany
12:30 – 14:00 Lunch
14:00 – 15:30
Science 2.0 in Action – The Leibniz Research Alliance Science 2.0
Lightning Talks (30 min) + Poster-Café (60 min)
Leibniz Research Alliance Science 2.0
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[Video on YouTube]
Lightning Talks / Poster  

1. The Leibniz Research Alliance Science 2.0
Dr Guido Scherp, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Poster (PDF)]
2. Altmetrics for Large, Multidisciplinary Research Groups: A Case Study of the Leibniz Association  
Alexandra Jobmann, Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education (IPN), Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Poster (PDF)]
3. The Social Dilemma of Putting the Idea of Open Science into Practice
Kaja Scheliga, Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Poster (PDF)]
4. Scholars’ Use of Social Media and Online-Based Applications
Dr Steffen Albrecht, Media Center, Technical University Dresden, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)]  [Poster (PDF)]
5. VIVO for Scientific Communities
Lambert Heller, German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) , Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Poster (PDF)]
6. ScholarLib. A Framework for Bidirectional Coupling of Social Networking Sites with Scholarly Portals
Peter Mutschke, GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Poster (PDF)]
7. PIDs4SOM. Persistence of Scholarly Content on the Social Web
Peter Mutschke, GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Poster (PDF)]
8. Social Media for Better Research and Education
Dr Toni Tontchev, Leipzig University of Applied Sciences, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Go to eScience Platform]
9. The Four Types of Social Media User in the Academic and Research Community – Results of a Nationwide Study
Birte Lindstädt, Goportis – Leibniz Library Network for Research Information, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Poster (PDF)]
10. Visibility for Economists on the Social Web
Dr Anna Maria Koeck, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)] [Poster (PDF)]

Chair: Dr Guido Scherp, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Germany
15:30 – 16:00 Coffee Break
16:00 – 17:10
eScience as Challenge for Research and Libraries on the Way to an Epistemic Web
Dr Urs Schoepflin, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Germany
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Abstract  

Regardless of the outstanding potential of the Internet for scholarship – the web as knowledge representation technology fundamentally changes the social impact potential, the collaborative scalability, or the interconnectivity by orders of magnitude – the new media largely reproduce the deficiencies of the traditional knowledge economy: Research on the one hand and dissemination of results on the other are still separated by long time lags, and offer just static representations of knowledge, rendering the underlying data only in a selective and isolated way thus preventing the direct re-use for scholarly work. The rapid growth of scholarly knowledge is represented at the same time in only a fragmentary way hindering further research although the internet offers the potential to raise science and research unto a new level. The integration of research and its dissemination is therefore essential. This is only possible with dynamic representations of knowledge offering structural correspondence of content and its form of representation. The traditional publication cycle lacks to offer this possibility and has to be replaced by open access. Open access is no “content communism” presenting just a poor copy of the familiar. Without open access the internet is doomed to blindly reproduce the fragmented knowledge landscape of the print age. Open access has therefore to be shaped in a novel way allowing for the seamless integration of research results, the underlying data and methods as well as its direct re-use and dissemination. The step from the World Wide Web as an association of hypertexts to an epistemic web of knowledge representations is crucial. The short sighted separation in digital object and descriptive metadata, as it currently shapes the image of the “digital library”, will be discarded as all data can be metadata and all “documents” windows to the universe of knowledge.

EEXCESS: Challenges in disseminating Scientific and Cultural Resources in the Long Tail
Professor Michael Granitzer, Media Computer Science (MiCS), University of Passau, Germany
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Abstract  

In the last decade, Europe has conducted a tremendous effort to make cultural, educational and scientific resources publicly available. Although such massive amounts of culturally and scientifically rich content are available, the potential of its use for educational and scientific purposes remains largely untapped. One reason can be seen in current web content dissemination mechanism which are dominated by a small number of large central hubs like major search engines (e.g. Google), social networks (e.g. Facebook) or online encyclopaedias (e.g. Wikipedia). In order to maintain their valuable services, those large hubs have to focus on commercially viable mainstream content. While cultural and scientific resources provide valuable and educational content they cannot be considered as ‘mainstream’. Quite contrary, most of this can be considered as high-quality niche content for a rather small community and forms part of the so-called Long Tail. This talk will cover challenges for disseminating content to the Long Tail and how those challenges are tackled in the FP 7 Project EEXCESS.

Chair: Professor Norbert Luttenberger, Department of Computer Science, Kiel University, Germany
19:00 Conference dinner within a boat trip on the river ‘Elbe’
Day 2 · 2014-03-27
08:30 – 09:15
Registration & Coffee
09:15 – 09:30 Opening Day 2
Professor Thomas Köhler,  Institute for Vocational Education & Media Center, Technical University Dresden, Germany
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[Video on YouTube]
09:30 – 10:15
Big Data, Big Science, and Beyond
Professor Ralph Schröder, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
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Abstract  

The measurement of science communication and advance has begun to use the tools of big data. A number of studies have analysed the contours of science by, for example, examining research findings and how they are disseminated. What is more, the amount of data about knowledge flows and other aspects of science, including in social media, is growing rapidly. This includes sources of data about what data are being produced when and where, which are becoming available for digital analysis on an unprecedented scale. One question that has moved into foreground in discussions of big data, however, is: what are data? Data are the fundamental building blocks of science. Yet in the field of the communication of science, it has also been argued that the most elementary unit are individual data (as when it is argued that a journal publication could provide to a link to one piece of data). This raises an intriguing question: if we have (big) data about the movements of data on a large scale, does this allow for more steering of science? In fact, this kind of reflexivity about scientific advance also allows us to consider more closely the limits of using data in understanding scientific communication, and in understanding knowledge advance more generally.

Chair: Professor Thomas Köhler,  Institute for Vocational Education & Media Center, Technical University Dresden, Germany
10:15 – 10:45 Coffee Break
10:45 – 12:30
Science 2.0 arrived – and what’s next?
Dr Paweł Szczęsny, Department of Bioinformatics, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
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Abstract  

Implications an online and open science go far beyond recognition or public awareness. Social fabric of interactions between researchers on the web is so different to our real-world experience, that it changes the way we work, the questions we ask, the direction of research we pursue. This talk will explore some of the slowly building trends in the scientific world and discuss long term consequences of opening informal interactions between scientists.

Science and the Beta-Society: How Web 2.0 platforms challenge scholarly communication
René König, Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany
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Abstract  

We live in a Beta-Society: Software is structuring almost all niches of society, including academia, and more often than not, it is in a permanent beta state. As such, it is never stable nor ready and we – the users – are constantly monitored for its improvement, subjects of an ongoing real-life experiment. At the same time, users and their data have become a commodity and their interactions the foundation of Web 2.0 platforms. Therefore, developers have lowered the interaction barriers as far as possible while hiding the complexity and actual social costs of their platforms and keeping them within their “walled gardens”. Specifically, scholarly communication is increasingly mediated and structured through these services, posing a number of challenges to the academic system: opaque algorithms re-ordering scientific relevance, new forms of peer review and quality management, lay participation and privacy threats to name just a few. The talk will address these issues by focusing on concrete examples of popular Web 2.0 platforms.

Open Research Data in Horizon 2020
Dr Celina Ramjoué, Head of Sector ‘Open access to scientific publications and data’, DG Connect
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Abstract  

Modern research builds on extensive scientific dialogue and advances by improving earlier work. The Europe 2020 strategy for a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy underlines the central role of knowledge and innovation in generating growth. Fuller and wider access to scientific publications and data therefore help to build on previous research results, foster collaboration and avoid duplication of effort, accelerate innovation and involve citizens and society. For these reasons, the European Union (EU) strives to improve access to scientific information and to boost the benefits of public investment in the research funded under the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation Horizon 2020 (2014-2020). The European Commission’s vision is that information already paid for by the public purse should not be paid for again each time it is accessed or used, and that it should benefit European companies and citizens to the full. This means making publicly-funded scientific information available online, at no extra cost, to European researchers, innovative industries and citizens, while ensuring long-term preservation. In line with this vision, in late 2013, the European Commission announced its policy on open access to scientific publications and data in Horizon 2020. The presentation will focus on presenting this policy and will place the topics of open access and open research data within the wider context of digital science and science 2.0.

Chair: Peter Mutschke, GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany
12:30 – 14:00 Lunch
14:00 – 15:30
Libraries go Science 2.0 – Practical Spotlights
Lightning-Talks + Discussions
Goportis – Leibniz Library Network for Research Information
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 [Video on YouTube]
Lightning Talks  

1. Bridging the Gap between Academic Journal and Open Science – ‘Economics’, the Open Access, Open Assessment E-Journal
Hendrik Bunke, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)]
2. Living Textbooks
Ursula Arning, ZB MED – Leibniz Information Centre for Life Sciences, Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)]
3. Book Sprint #CoScience @CeBIT 2014
Dr Martin Mehlberg, German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB), Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)]
4. Data Management Platform and ERM
Dr Juan Garcés, Saxon State and University Library Dresden (SLUB), Germany arrow [Slides (PDF)]
5. Science 2.0 workshop in the library: Trends, Tools & Tips
Guus van den Brekel ,Central Medical Library, UMCG Groningen, Netherlands arrow [Slides (PDF)]

Chair: Ulrich Korwitz, ZB MED – Leibniz Information Centre for Life Sciences, Germany
15:30 – 16:00 Coffee Break
16:00 – 17:10
Can We Predict Scientific Impact with Social Media? A Comparison with Traditional Metrics of Scientific Impact
Professor Denis Helic, Institute for Knowledge Management (KMI), Graz University of Technology, Austria
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Abstract  

Citation network analysis is a generally accepted tool for assessing scientific impact of published articles and their authors. For example, citation count or the degree of a paper in a citation network is a widely used measure and constitutes a basis for calculating h-index and similar measures. However, citation networks are slow to construct as citations are slowly accumulated over the years. With the Web and Social Media and their extensive use for dissemination of scientific articles and ideas new possibilities for measuring the scientific impact have emerged. For example, what does the number of retweets of a newly published article tells us about its (potential) scientific impact, or if and how the number of tweets about a presentation at a scientific conference correlates with the citation count in the future? Recently, a couple of studies have addressed these issues with a few interesting results, which we address in this talk.

Smart Campus: Services with and for People
Dr Marco Pistore, Institute for Scientific and Technological Research, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Italy
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Abstract  

Is it possible to empower the citizens of a smart city to take a more active role in designing the services they want and like, and to take part to their development and delivery?
This is the challenge Smart Campus tries to address, using the campus of the University of Trento – with its students, researchers, and institutions – as a scaled-down, but complete, model of a smart city.
Smart Campus is both a lab and a community. The lab builds a social and technical environment for collaborative service design and personalized service delivery. The community is composed of all the students and researchers who use the services and collaborate in their creation.
In this talk, we discuss the challenges and results of Smart Campus, focusing in particular on the opportunities it offers to experiment new teaching approaches and new educational ecosystems.

Chair: Professor Marc Rittberger, German Institute for International Educational Research (DIPF), Germany
Closing Remarks
Professor Klaus Tochtermann, ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Germany
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[Video on YouTube]